A bacterial infection is a rapid reproduction of a cell of an inherited or inherent character of bacteria. The bacterium is a living organism too small to find with naked eyes and can be viewed with the help of microscope only, but are found everywhere.Bacteria can be dangerous as it causes infection in our body.
There are different types of bacterial infection. A bacterial infection and a viral infection may look similar, hence the doctor must examine the symptoms to identify the nature of the disease.
How does a bacterial infection occur?
Bacterial diseases occur when pathogenic bacteria get into the body. After entering the body, it starts reproducing very fast and becomes more powerful than the healthy bacteria.
The various types of bacteria and the way they affect us are:
Escherichia coli and almonella – Although these are clubbed together, actually these are quite different from one another. Escherichia coli cause food poisoning in raw eggs, raw meat, eggs, fruits, vegetables and water. E-coli are lives in the intestines and does not disturb us. But when it attacks, it becomes painful due to food poisoning from meat and vegetables, which are not properly processed and may even lead to bleeding. Intake of lots of fluids is the only treatment available.
Helicobacter pylori or H pylori- These germs enter your body and live in your digestive tract or the path which converts food into energy and basic nutrients to feed the entire body. Each of these infections can cause nausea with or without vomiting, diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms. Gradually after some years, they can cause stomach ulcers and may even lead to stomach cancer.
Neisseria gonorrhoeae- This is a bacteria which causes gonorrhea, a sexually transmitted disease. The symptoms like painful urination, bloody or yellow vaginal or penile discharge are felt after two to five days in the case of men, but it takes over 30 days for women.
Neisseria meningitides– This bacterium causes meningitis.Its symptoms include nausea and vomiting, confusion, cold hands and feet, diarrhea and severe aches and pains. It can even be fatal. It can be prevented by getting vaccinated, and you should avoid coming in close contact with infected persons.
Staphylococcus aureus – This bacterium causes various infections in the body, including abscesses, wound infections, pneumonia, toxic shock syndrome, cellulitis and food poisoning.It is essential for you to visit a doctor as soon as you notice any skin or other kinds of infection spreading. You must avoid sharing personal items like towels, razors and other such equipment.
Streptococcal bacteria – This particular bacterium causes symptoms like strep throat, headache, sudden fever and loss of appetite.