Aorta is the largest blood vessel in the body. Although a durable and a tough workhorse, it can sometimes weaken due to a formation of a bulge. This is called aortic aneurysm. It is the dilation or enlargement of the aorta. In some instances, the enlargement can be greater than 1.5 times the normal size.
This condition causes a leak in the vessel that results in spilling of blood inside the body. On bursting, the blood flows away from organs and tissues. This might cause problems, leading to heart attack, kidney damage, stroke, and in some cases, death.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm
Aortic aneurysm symptoms in the abdominal area develop slowly, causing no or minor discomfort. Some of the common signs of suffering from abdominal aortic aneurysm include gnawing feeling around the stomach or a throbbing sensation in the abdomen. Abdominal aortic aneurysm symptoms can become intolerable and severe, if not treated at the onset of the earliest signs.
Let us take a look at these symptoms in detail.
the primary sign of the abdominal aortic aneurysm, the patient might feel a stabbing pain deep in their abdomen between the bellybutton and the sternum. Described as continuous pain, it might not be relieved by resting or even changing positions. The severe pain can cause patients to double over, as they might find it difficult to straighten their body.
Pulsating sensation with a feeling of tenderness in the abdomen
the patient might feel a mass pulsating in their abdomen, which can be felt through the skin. The pulsating sensation might be sensitive to touch and pressure. The doctors might recreate the pain and tenderness to diagnose and confirm the presence of the abdominal aortic aneurysm.
Lower back pain
the stabbing pain and the pulsating sensation might radiate to the lower back causing pain. This happens because of aorta’s proximity to the spine. The patient might also experience pain in their groin, pelvis, and legs.
Symptoms of shock
The internal bleeding caused due to leakage and bulge in the aorta might lead to shock which has its own set of symptoms like rapid heartbeat, clammy skin, shallow breathing, cold sweats, confusion, anxiety, agitation, and losing consciousness.
Blood loss due to internal bleeding can also result in low blood pressure. This might lead to lightheadednesss, dizziness, confusion, vomiting, nausea, and blurred vision. The symptoms might aggravate if the patient is standing for a long time.
The above-mentioned symptoms require immediate medical attention. This is because once an aneurysm has ruptured, it might expand quickly. This can lead to internal bleeding, which can be life threatening.